Education Policy in Periods of Modernization: A Comparison of Turkey and South Korea

This paper compares education policies and outcomes during the periods of modernization in Turkey and South Korea. Though the modernization era in these countries occurred at different periods of time--in Turkey from 1923 to 1938 and in South Korea from 1963 to 1979--both were implemented under the...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic details
Volume: 6
Main Author: Sue-Yeon Song
Format: Journal Article
Language: Chinese, English
Place of publication: 2016
published in: US-China education review. B, Education theory Vol. 6; no. 6; pp. 380 - 387
Data of publication: 2016
ISSN: 2161-6248
2161-6248
EISSN: 2161-6248
Alternate Title: Education Policy in Periods of Modernization: A Comparison of Turkey and South Korea
Discipline: Education
Bibliography: This paper compares education policies and outcomes during the periods of modernization in Turkey and South Korea. Though the modernization era in these countries occurred at different periods of time--in Turkey from 1923 to 1938 and in South Korea from 1963 to 1979--both were implemented under the centralized authoritarian leadership. Controversial leaders, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in Turkey and Chung-hee Park in South Korea, each initiated that drastic reforms aimed at building a modem nation state, and new education policies acted as an important means for both to achieve their modernization objectives. However, despite a shared goal of modernizing society, the process and contents of education policy were strikingly different in Turkey and South Korea, and the outcomes also differed sharply. This paper argues that the religious context of Turkish society, and the conflict between secularism and Islam in particular, constitutes a major reason for slower progress in economic growth and development there compared to Korea.
education policy, modernization era, Turkish educational reform, Korean educational reform,comparative analysis
Online Access: available in Bonn?
Database: 中文科技期刊数据库
中文科技期刊数据库-CALIS站点
中文科技期刊数据库-7.0平台
中文科技期刊数据库- 镜像站点
CrossRef
Database information Databases - DBIS