The influence of social forces: evidence from the behavior of football referees

Analyzing the neutrality of referees during 12 german premier league (1. Bundesliga) soccer seasons, this paper documents evidence that social forces influence agents’ decisions. Referees, who are appointed to be impartial, tend to favor the home team by systematically awarding more stoppage time in...

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Bibliographic details
Volume: 46
Main Author: Dohmen, T.J
Format: Journal Article
Language: English
Zielgruppe: Academic
Place of publication: Malden, USA Blackwell Publishing Inc 01.01.2008
BLACKWELL PUBLISHING
Western Economic Association International
published in: Economic inquiry Vol. 46; no. 3; pp. 411 - 424
Related: Research Centre for Educ and Labour Mark
RS: GSBE METEOR T2
RS: GSBE DUHR
Data of publication: 2008-01-01
ISSN: 0095-2583
1465-7295
EISSN: 1465-7295
Discipline: Economics
Bibliography: I am grateful to IMP AG for providing the data. I would like to thank especially Holger Rahlfs and Jörn Wendland for their cooperation. I am also indebted to the DFB, particularly to Klaus Löw, for providing detailed information on financial rewards for referees and their evaluation. I thank Michael Collins, Armin Falk, Luis Garicano, David Huffman, Ben Kriechel, Winfried Koeniger, Steven Levitt, Canice Prendergast, Uwe Sunde, two anonymous referees, and the editor for helpful comments. I am also grateful for comments and suggestions of seminar participants at Maastricht University, the University of Chicago, Institute for the Study of Labor in Bonn, participants of the 17th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics in New York and of the 58th European Meeting of the Econometric Society in Stockholm on earlier drafts of the paper. All errors are mine.
Series: Economic Inquiry
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Online Access: available in Bonn?
Database: Narcis: Open Access
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