Toxic Truth: Lead and Fertility

Using U.S county level data on lead in air for 1978-1988, this paper provides the first causal evidence on the effects of airborne lead exposure on the general fertility rate and the completed fertility rate in the broad population. Instrumental variable estimates show the increase in completed fert...

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Bibliographic details
Main Author: Severnini, Edson R
Clay, Karen
Portnykh, Margarita
Format: Paper
Language: English
Place of publication: National Bureau of Economic Research 01.05.2018
Data of publication: 20180501
Series: NBER Working Paper Series
Subjects:
Online Access: Fulltext
Database: NBER Working Papers
NBER Technical Working Papers Archive
NBER
National Bureau of Economic Research Publications
Database information Databases - DBIS