农村减贫:应该更关注教育还是健康?——基于收入增长和差距缩小双重视角的实证

基于2003-2010年全国农村固定观察点微观住户数据,运用分位数回归方法,从收入增长与差距缩小的双重视角研究了健康与教育对中国农户贫困的影响。研究发现:2003-2010年间,中国农村贫困发生率呈现逐年降低的趋势,这一趋势主要得益于农户收入增长,而不是收入差距缩小。健康与教育所体现的人力资本是影响农户收入水平的显著因素,对农村减贫具有显著作用。但从收入差距缩小视角看,健康对农村减贫的作用比教育更为显著。坚持提升农村人力资本积累的基本战略取向,特别是提高贫困农户健康水平,对于农村减贫具有较强的政策意义。...

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Volume: 49
Main Author: 程名望 Jin Yanhong 盖庆恩 史清华
Format: Journal Article
Language: Chinese
Place of publication: 2014
published in: Jingji yanjiu Vol. 49; no. 11; pp. 130 - 144
Data of publication: 2014
ISSN: 0577-9154
Alternate Title: Focusing on Education or Health Improvement for Anti-poverty in Rural China: Evidence from National Household Panel Data
Discipline: Economics
Bibliography: Education; Health; Anti-poverty ; Quintile Regression
Cheng Mingwang, Jin Yanhong, Gai Qing'en, Shi Qinghua (1. Tongji University ; 2. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey ; 3.Shanghai Finance and Economics University; 4.Shanghai Jiaotong University)
11-1081/F
Using nationally representative rural household panel data from 2003 through 2010, we examine how improvements in human capital affect the income level in rural China and the income gap between households who live under and above the poverty line. We find that health improvement not only increases household income, but also reduces the income gap between two types of households. Education and agricultural/occupational training increase household income, but have limited effects in reducing the income gap between two types of households. The effects of health, basic education and agricultural/occupational training vary by region and across different income sources. The findings suggest that improving human capital, especially health improvement, is a
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