出口对就业、工资和收入不平等的影响——基于微观数据的证据

使用微观人口数据和贸易数据,本文重点估计了中国出口对就业、工资和收入不平等的影响。结果显示,2000--2005年问的出口增长显著提高了制造业和服务业就业,并且出口增长对年轻人、低学历人口、农村户籍人口和女性的就业影响更显著,效果更大。进一步研究显示,出口显著提高了在业者的收入水平,降低了城市内部的收入不平等。最后,本文补充考察了进口的影响,没有发现显著的就业和工资效应。但是,进口显著增加了城市内部的收入不平等。...

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Bibliographic details
Main Author: 张川川
Format: Journal Article
Language: Chinese
Place of publication: 2015
published in: 经济学(季刊) no. 3; pp. 1611 - 1630
Data of publication: 2015
ISSN: 2095-1086
Alternate Title: Effects of Exporting on Employment, Wage and Income Inequality: Evidence from Micro Data
Bibliography: 11-6010/F
exporting, employment, income inequality
CHUANCHUAN ZHANG (Central University of Finance and Economics)
Using micro population data and trade data, this paper estimates the effects of China's exporting on employment, wage and income inequality. Results show that exporting growth during 2000 to 2005 significantly promoted employment in manufacturing sector and service sector, and the effects of exporting growth on younger, less-educated, rural and women labor force are stronger. Further studies show that exporting significantly promoted income of current workers and lowered income inequality within cities. Finally, the paper takes into account the impacts of importing, but finds no significant effects on employment and wage. However, importing significantly increases income inequality within cities.
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Database: 中文科技期刊数据库
中文科技期刊数据库-7.0平台
中文科技期刊数据库-CALIS站点
中文科技期刊数据库- 镜像站点
Database information Databases - DBIS