中国农户收入不平等及其决定因素——基于微观农户数据的回归分解

本文采用2003—2010年全国农村固定观察点数据,运用FY方法和MS方法对农户收入不平等进行回归分解,研究发现:区域差异是造成农户收入不平等的首要因素,其次是物质资本、人力资本、金融资产等微观因素,以及家庭特征、行业、职业等因素;制度与政策、政治与社会资本等因素对农户收入不平等的影响有限。逐步消除区域经济发展不平衡,鼓励农户非农就业,提供向低收入农户倾斜的教育和卫生服务,是降低中国农户收入不平等的有效措施。...

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Volume: 15
Main Author: 程名望 Jin Yanhong 盖庆恩 史清华
Format: Journal Article
Language: Chinese
Place of publication: 2016
published in: 经济学(季刊) Vol. 15; no. 2; pp. 1253 - 1274
Data of publication: 2016
ISSN: 2095-1086
Alternate Title: Accounting for Income Inequality Between households in Rural China:A Regression Based Approach
Bibliography: 11-6010/F
income inequality in rural household; regression decompositionbased approach; income-generating function
MINGWANG CHENG1,YANHONG JIN2,QING'EN GE3,QINGHUA SHI4 (1.Tongji University; 2.Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey; 3.Shanghai Finance and Economics University; 4.Shanghai J iaotong University)
Using nationally representative rural household panel data from 2003 to 2010,we examine income inequalityand its determinantsamong households in rural China with inequality decomposition.We find that geographical position is the main factor affecting income inequality,and capital investment,especially the material capital and financial capital has a rising contribution,while human capital has a decreasing contribution.The findings suggest that eliminating the unbalanced development of regional economy,encouraging farmers to employment in non-agricultural sector,providing more education and health services to the lowincome farmers,are the effective measures to reduce income inequality among households i
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