Toxic Truth: Lead and Fertility

Using U.S county level data on lead in air for 1978-1988 and lead in topsoil in the 2000s, this paper examines the impact of lead exposure on a critical human function with societal implications - fertility. To provide causal estimates of the effect of lead on fertility, we use two sets of instrumen...

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Bibliographic details
Volume: 11541
Main Author: Clay, Karen
Portnykh, Margarita
Severnini, Edson R
Format: Paper
Language: English
Place of publication: Bonn Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) 2018
published in: IZA Discussion Papers Vol. 11541
Data of publication: 2018
Subjects:
Online Access: Fulltext
Database: EconStor
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